Is Wind For You?

Is Wind For You?

Determining how much energy I need

The size of wind turbine you need depends on your application. Small turbines range in size from 20 watts to 100 kilowatts (kW). Smaller 20- to 500-watt turbines are used in a variety of applications such as charging batteries for recreational vehicles and sailboats.

1 kilowatt to 10 kilowatt turbines can be used in applications like pumping water. Windmills have generated energy for centuries to pump water and grind grain. Although mechanical windmills still provide a sensible, low-cost option for pumping water in low-wind areas, farmers and ranchers are finding that wind-electric pumping is a little more versatile and they can pump twice the volume for the same initial investment.

Turbines used in residential applications typically range in size from 400 watts to 100 kilowatts, depending on the amount of electricity you need to generate. For residential applications, you should establish an energy budget to help define the turbine size you will need. Because energy efficiency is usually less expensive than energy production, making your house more energy efficient first will probably be more cost effective and will reduce the size of the wind turbine you need. Wind turbine manufacturers can help you size your system based on your electricity needs and the specifics of local wind patterns.

An average U.S. home uses approximately 10,000 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity per year (about 830 kWh per month). Depending on the average wind speed in the area, a wind turbine rated in the range of 5 to 15 kilowatts would be needed to make a significant contribution to this demand. A 1.5 kilowatt wind turbine will meet the needs of a home requiring 300 kWh per month in a location with a 14-mile-per-hour (6.26-meters-per-second) annual average wind speed.

Turbine manufacturers can provide you with the expected annual energy output of the turbine as a function of annual average wind speed. The manufacturer will also provide information on the maximum wind speed at which the turbine is designed to operate safely. This information, along with your local wind speed and your energy budget, will help you decide which size turbine will best meet your electricity needs.

Southwest Windpower's Sitelook assessment can help you understand how much energy a Skystream wind turbine can generate for you. Get an assessment here.

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